Within the nursing industry, there have been many significant theorists who have helped to develop, shape, and provide a foundation for the nursing system. Nursing theories help to clarify, define, and support the purpose of nursing from other caring professions. Additionally, nursing theorists have set professional boundaries within the nursing profession (McEwen and Wills, 2014).
Subsequently, Dorothea Orem was one of America’s preeminent nursing theorists who postulated the Self-Care Nursing Theory, or the Orem Model of Nursing (Wayne, 2014). This theory helped to define nursing as the assistant to others who may need additional provisions and management of self-care to improve the human functioning at a baseline effectiveness. In other words, this theory focused on an individual’s ability to maintain self-care (Wayne, 2014).
Furthermore, the significance of Orem’s theory is the identified self-care necessities that become affected by age related disparities, developing instructive factors, and perceived health care irregularities (Whelan, 1984). These factors allow the interactions of the patient and nursing to identify the individual’s needs. At the same time, the patient has developed self-care deficits, while in addition, serves to validate the roles of patient and nurse (Whelan, 1984).
Likewise, Orem’s theory has provided a foundation basis in nursing, to evaluate nursing essentials, to establish a focus for nursing practice, to provide a scope for nursing practice, which can be broad or contextual, and to determine a balance of highly complex and simplicity (Whelan, 1984).
For this purpose, the following is an overview of Dorothea Orem’s work, her life, her influences, the concepts and propo...
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.... Other examples could include topics such as effective communication and assessing orientees based on their use of the SBAR technique with physicians and bedside report handoff with other nurses. Case studies could also be a part of the competency checklist to evaluate the critical thinking process. Weekly progression records could be used to evaluate outcomes for new hires. The preceptor would discuss strengths with the orientee as well as areas for improvement and goals for the following week. The nurse educator could meet with the orientees at scheduled intervals during the orientation process to facilitate open communication and orientees could be evaluated by management 90 days after orientation. Management could further evaluate the orientation process using Orem’s model by employee surveys and twice yearly employee performance evaluations.
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