Aristotle and Alfarabi demonstrated in their works how the purpose of the government is to benefit a society. While these two authors share numerous similarities, Aristotle provides more practical examples as to the purpose of the government, whereas Alfarabi offers more philosophical ideas. Aristotle considers that in a political community a government is enacted for the purpose of doing something good for its people. He believes that meaning comes from being in a community. Since Aristotle states that the city exists by nature, government serves as the foundation to make individuals political animals. Alfarabi agrees with Aristotle, as Alfarabi believes that a government can have the power to let people achieve ultimate happiness. This process, however, can only occur if a government removes natural and voluntary evils, while retaining the natural and voluntary good actions. Alfarabi considers that when rulership in a government follows these processes, only then can people be virtuous, good, and happy. This conce...
... middle of paper ...
...eate hierarchies in their societies. Aristotle 's main purpose in his government is for individuals to become political animals through a community of shared virtuous values. In creating political animals, Aristotle defines his government as being able to set what is good or bad and what is just and unjust in order to keep this unity. He, however, gives some individuals more powers than others in his society. Alfarabi has a similar idea of having all individuals reach happiness in a community by shedding any natural or voluntary evils. This, nevertheless, stems from having rulers being able to govern any laws they chose, while setting certain ranks on individuals and objects in a society. Although these two individuals are considered some of greatest philosophers of their time, their governments retain contradictions that prevent them from becoming perfect societies.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Studying the nature of politics involves the analysis of a plethora of various individual components that altogether shape the overall political theories of the great political philosophers throughout history. Politics is the pursuit of achieving a strong, just, and successful system of governance, which encompasses the distribution of power and economic structure. The progression and evolution of political theory is made evident through the study of great minds such as Aristotle, Machiavelli, Locke, and even more recent entities like those of the founding fathers of the United States.... [tags: Political philosophy, John Locke, Human, Politics]
2105 words (6 pages)
- Before a serious investigation of any aspect of Aristotle’s political theories is undertaken, we must take a moment to acknowledge that many of the institutions and doctrines he defends have been repudiated in modern political thought. In fact many such institutions are appalling and simply morally wrong. One such institution is slavery. Aristotle argues in the Politics that slavery is just. No argument is needed to conclude that Aristotle made a terrible ethical and moral error in defending slavery.... [tags: Aristotle Philosophy Slavery Essays]
3305 words (9.4 pages)
- Theories of human nature, as the term would ever so subtly suggest, are at best only individual assertions of the fundamental and intrinsic compositions of mankind, and should be taken as such. Indeed it can be said that these assertions are both many and widespread, and yet too it can be said that there are a select few assertions of the nature of man that rise above others when measured by historical persistence, renown, and overall applicability. These eclectic discourses on the true nature of man have often figured largely in theories of political science, typically functioning as foundational structures to broader claims and arguments.... [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, Government]
1286 words (3.7 pages)
- Plato and Aristotle both established important ideas about politics and their government. The general idea these two men wrote about were tyranny and the rule of law. What the rule of law is stating is that no one is immune from the law, even the people who are in a position of power. The rule of law served as a safeguard against tyranny because laws just ensure that rulers don’t become more corrupt. These two philosophers explored political philosophy and even though they didn’t agree on much they’re impacts are still around the world today.... [tags: Aristotle, Causality, Justice, Law]
708 words (2 pages)
- Am Phronesis According to Aristotle and his theories, there are two basic types of intellectual virtues by which we live our lives. The two intellectual virtues that he speaks of are wisdom and phronesis. Wisdom is a virtue that we are able to gain and increase throughout our lives through experience and time. Of the two different intellectual virtues that Aristotle speaks of, wisdom is more of a scientific knowledge, it is the type of knowledge that would be expected of an intellect. While phronesis is not a virtue acquired through an education or books, it is more of a virtue that is learned and built from social interaction and real life experiences.... [tags: essays research papers]
1982 words (5.7 pages)
- Aristotle The primary concern of political theorists is to determine by what form of constitution the state will most likely succeed. According to Aristotle the definition of political success means the general happiness of the citizenry. Both Aristotle and James Q. Wilson share the belief that molding excellent character within the citizenry is the first and most important step towards solidifying the happiness of the state as a whole. The basic structure of Aristotle’s philosophies are derived by gathering as much information about the history of a subject as possible (in trying to develop the ultimate constitution Aristotle went through 150 constitution from historically great nation... [tags: Papers]
1235 words (3.5 pages)
- Aristotle In our fast paced technologically advanced society today, our governments have evolved into supposedly well oiled machines effectively managing budgets, jails, militaries, as well as many other programs. Unfortunately, many of these governments are not as well organized, as they could be. Democratic countries like France, Germany, and even the United States have some very serious shortcomings to the way their governments are managed. These problems occur, many times at a very basic level, rather than at the minor details.... [tags: essays research papers]
1195 words (3.4 pages)
- In ancient Greece two great written philosophers lived. First there was Plato and then Aristotle. Aristotle was a pupil of Plato. Despite being taught by Plato they had different theories and views. Their ethics were very typical and traditional of ancient Greece but Aristotle detailed virtue ethics and the path to happiness. Plato’s political theories for a utopian society varied from Aristotle’s view of ‘best state for each society’. Their metaphysical theories are complete opposites and very contradicting.... [tags: Greek Philosophy Virtue Ethics Happiness Society]
1826 words (5.2 pages)
- Aristotle With the possible exception of Plato, Aristotle is the most influential philosopher in the history of logical thought. Logic into this century was basically Aristotelian logic. Aristotle dominated the study of the natural sciences until modern times. Aristotle, in some aspect, was the founder of biology; Charles Darwin considered him as the most important contributor to the subject. Aristotle’s Poetic, the first work of literary notice, had a string influence on the theory and practice of modern drama.... [tags: essays research papers]
783 words (2.2 pages)
- Aristotle Politics Aristotle in his book politics, argues that the political association is the highest form of human association , and making all his conclusions based on the assumption that ‘polis’ is the best and only sensible political system. He further adds that political association is the most sovereign and aims at the highest good Politics is largely an attempt to determine or rather prove that political association is the best suited way for securing the happiness of its members or as called in ‘politics’ the citizens .The interest of the polis and its citizens were seen to be the same since both the city and man aimed for happiness as the ultimate goal.... [tags: essays research papers]
858 words (2.5 pages)