Cognitive Psychology And Cognitive Psychology Essay

Cognitive Psychology And Cognitive Psychology Essay

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Autism, down syndrome, and PTSD are three major disorders that are commonly known and addressed today. Although many might find these people perplexing and atypical, cognitive psychology allows us to better understand how citizens with these neurological differentiations perceive and analyze information in comparison to the average human. Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the way people process information. It analyzes the method of how people process information received and how the treatment of this information leads to certain responses. Overall, cognitive psychologists study internal processes which include the following: perception, attention, language, memory, and thinking. After extensive research preformed by numerous scientists and psychologists, it is irrefutable that without the advance knowledge attained many wouldn’t be able to comprehend individuals with mental disorders.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) “is a complex development disorder that can cause problems with thinking, feeling, language and the ability to relate to others” (Benson). Due to it being a neurological disorder, it affects the functioning of the brain which is different for each person who has it. Cognitive psychologist can help parents and the overall population further understand how autistic people process information. After analyzing the article “A Psychological Approach to Understanding the Social and Language Impairments in Autism” by Doctor Helen Tager-Flusberg, she discusses the scientific findings in the research conducted by Baron-Cohen, Leslie and Frith (1985). These researchers “conducted the first study demonstrating that autism involves specific difficulty in understanding minds” (Tager-Flusberg). They...


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...tization and reprocessing (EMDR) “involves imaginal therapeutic exposure to as much as possible of the material encoded within the fear structure achieving both in-session and between-session reduction and habituation of the fear response together with substituting unhelpful self-referent cognitions and beliefs with ones that are more adaptive and which will help the client to achieve the goal of post-traumatic growth” (Hughes). This specific type of therapy desensitizes the recurrent images and thoughts and installs adaptive alternative cognitions. Overall, by understanding current theories and processes about PTSD, many might appreciate the crucial role of cognitive treatments in the amelioration and hopeful resolution of the very distressing and disabling symptoms that develop in those unfortunate enough to having been exposed to severe psychological trauma more.

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