Essay about Cultural Influences On Nursing Practice

Essay about Cultural Influences On Nursing Practice

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Madeleine M. Leninger is a nursing researcher that founded transcultural nursing education and practices (Ray, 2013). She wrote a book that focused on cultural influences on nursing practices which lead to the development of a nursing theory known as the Culture Care Diversity and Universality. Born in 1925, Leninger’s call to nursing service began during World War II. She started her education at St. Anthony Hospital School of Nursing as a United States Army Nurse Corp. Her nursing career spans over 50 years during which she obtained different educational and honorary nursing degrees. She bagged a bachelor degree in biological science from Benedictine College in Kansas, Master’s degree in psychiatric nursing at Catholic University of America in Washington, DC and a PhD in anthropology from the University of Washington, Seattle (Ray, 2013). Leninger’s contributions as a nurse researcher, administrator, educator and writer in the field of nursing cannot be overemphasized. Regrettably, Leninger died in the year 2012.
Nursing theory is defined as “a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions or propositions derived from nursing models or from other disciplines and project a purposive, systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships” (Anonymous, 2013, Pg. 1). Nursing theory forms the basic foundation of nursing discipline, guides nursing practice and changed the perspective of nurses from the medical model of practice to holistic care model (Leninger, 1988). Among the notable nursing theories is Leninger’s Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory. This theory is also known as transcultural theory, was first developed in the 1950s, but later published in 1991(Leni...

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...te. They noted that communication behaviors such verbal and non-verbal cues used during conversation plays an important roles in patients-nurse relationship building. For instance, making eye contact is appropriate and acceptable in western culture. Eye contact is seen as essential social interaction tool that shows person’s interest and active engagement in conversation. In contrast, many Latin America and African cultures strongly oppose intense eye contact as this is perceived as an act of aggression and disrespect. Misconception of these behaviors can result to miscommunication (Chan & Kelly, 2007). Nurses should use knowledge of cultural care to assess the patients’ language and beliefs about interpreter. Nurses should learn cultural perspectives of their patients by respecting their wishes, if not detrimental, and incorporate these perspectives in plan of care.

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