Non-State Political Violence: Occurrence and Justifications Essay

Non-State Political Violence: Occurrence and Justifications Essay

Length: 1814 words (5.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Political violence is action taken to achieve political goals that may include armed revolution, civil strife, terrorism, war or other such activities that could result in injury, loss of property or loss of life. Political violence often occurs as a result of groups or individuals believing that the current political systems or anti-democratic leadership, often being dictatorial in nature, will not respond to their political ambitions or demands, nor accept their political objectives or recognize their grievances. Formally organized groups, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), businesses and collectives of individual citizens are non-state actors, that being that they are not locally, nationally or internationally recognized legitimate civilian or military authorities. The Cotonou Agreement of 2000 defines non-state actors as being those parties belonging to the private sector, economic and social partners and civil society in all its forms according to national characteristics. Historical observation shows that nation states with political institutions that are not capable of, or that are resistant to recognizing and addressing societies issues and grievances are more likely to see political violence manifest as a result of disparity amongst the population. This essay will examine why non-state political violence occurs including root and trigger causes by looking at the motivations that inspire groups and individuals to resort to non-conforming behaviors that manifest as occurrences of non-state political violence. Using terrorism and Islamic militancy on the one side, and human rights and basic freedoms on the other as examples, it will look at these two primary kinds of political violence that are most prevalent in the world ...

... middle of paper ...

Pinot, S, Wardlow, G, 'Political Violence', Australian Institute of Criminology, 1989, Retrieved 15 March 2011,
Ridel, B, 'The real losers in Egypt's uprising', The Daily Best Online, 13 February 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011<>
The Cotonou Agreement, Partnership Agreement Between The Members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States of The One Part, And The European Community And Its Member States, of The Other Part, Cotonou, Benin, June 2000.
Wright, J, 'Mubarak Failed To Build Succession Framework', Reuters, 31 January 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011<

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Political Compass

- After taking “The Political Compass” test, it is interesting to see how I turned out to be more communist and authoritarian than I originally believed. I am a bit disappointed that I turned out to be “less ideological.” This could be a result of the fact that I do not see myself to be an extremist. Extremists are typically unable to share views with other extremists. I can identify with authoritarians more than with libertarians. This exam is able to determine whether someone can identify with libertarians, authoritarians, communists or neo-liberalists....   [tags: Sociology, Political philosophy, Sovereign state]

Term Papers
730 words (2.1 pages)

Moral Justifications for Torture Essay

- Torture can be defined as the “intentional infliction of physical and mental suffering aimed at forcing someone who is defenceless at the purpose of breaking their will” (Rodley, 2000). It is important to note, that if a person has been tortured, even if their mental will has not been broken, the process and the purpose of torture is to break the victims will. Thus, the purpose does not have to be realised for the process to be considered an instance of torture. With that being said, under international law, torture is illegal in any form or situation whatsoever....   [tags: emergencies, suffering, terrorist]

Term Papers
1952 words (5.6 pages)

An Occurrence At Owl Creek Bridge By Ambrose Bierce Essay

- The story “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” by Ambrose Bierce, focuses on the relationship between fantasy and reality. Bierce shows the form of the main character, Peyton Farquhar, who is a slave owner in the Southern state, refusing to believe his death when he is hanged on the Owl Creek Bridge as he did participate at the front lines of the Civil War. Peyton Farquhar persuaded himself that he had escaped the hanging by jumping in the water although he never really enters the water. Bierce illustrates Farquhar’s fantasy of escaping by the imagination of Farquhar dodging bullets fired by the captain and the soldier who are responsible for his death....   [tags: An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, Ambrose Bierce]

Term Papers
801 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about The Justifications Of Isis.

- The Justifications of ISIS A big topic of discussion in today’s society is ISIS. ISIS claims to be justified in all their actions and beliefs. This brings up the question of are they justified and what is justice. According to the dictionary, the definition of justice is just behavior or treatment. This leads to what is the definition of just. Which according to the dictionary, just is based on or behaving according to what is morally right and fair. Well what is morally right and fair and who gets to decide what is and what isn’t....   [tags: Islam, Muhammad, Qur'an, Sharia]

Term Papers
1078 words (3.1 pages)

How to Have a Cooperative Relationship Between State and the People Essay example

- Joel S. Migdal defines uses an ideal-typed definition of the state as an organization, composed of numerous agencies led and coordinated by the state’s leadership that has the ability or authority to make and implement the binding rules for all the people as well as the parameters of rule making for other social organizations in a given territory, using force if necessary to have its way. He claims that a state’s ability to survive depends on several factors but most importantly, the ability to mobilize the society’s population....   [tags: economic, poltical, state]

Term Papers
855 words (2.4 pages)

The State Of Nature As A State Essay

- Hobbes describes the State of Nature as a state where all men are equal, since one individual can kill another individual. With this state of inequality, he claims that this equality has an “equality of hope” in accomplishing one’s ends. If two men seek the same end, and only one can have it, the two men would be enemies and would seek to “destroy or subdue one another” (Hobbes 1651, 2). Hobbes goes further to claim that men are not obliged in “keeping company where there is no power able to overawe them all” (Hobbes 1651, 2)....   [tags: State of nature, Political philosophy]

Term Papers
1009 words (2.9 pages)

An Occurrence At Owl Creek Bridge Essay

- Life and Death in “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” Originally published in 1890 by author and Civil War Veteran Ambrose Bierce, “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” is a short story that explores a civilian’s final moments before death during the Civil War. Centering on a man, this story opens on a profoundly ambiguous scene: preparations are being made for the hanging of a civilian man by Union troops on the Owl Creek bridge. The military men finish their preparations and step off of the plank, allowing the man to be hanged....   [tags: An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, Ambrose Bierce]

Term Papers
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about An Occurrence At Owl Creek Bridge

- Often times events occur in what seems to be mysterious ways to teach an individual a lesson. Choices made when individuals are young, and still growing and developing stick with them. As maturity happens, individuals tend to learn some of the potential consequences they could endure over certain decisions. Life is full of lesson. Life is living to learn how to become better. In this process choices have to be made, and consequences have to be faced. In Ambrose Bierce’s short story, “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge,” the protagonist Peyton Farquhar makes a poorly thought choice leading to an unfortunate consequence....   [tags: An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, Ambrose Bierce]

Term Papers
1543 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about An Occurrence At Owl Creek

- “An Occurrence at Owl Creek” the Change in Perspective Ambrose Bierce’s “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” brings upon many questions relating to its change in perspectives and the focus on the character. The story is classified as realism based on the fact that the author, Bierce, focuses more on the character than the plot itself. Readers worry about the characters hanging, not about the war and the chicanery used by both opponents. Bierce also uses a change in perspective throughout the story to show emphasis on the character and his thoughts....   [tags: An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, Ambrose Bierce]

Term Papers
1325 words (3.8 pages)

An Occurrence At Owl Creek Bridge Essay

- Ambrose Bierce's "An Occurence at Owl Creek Bridge" seems to have been written to skillfully play with the minds of its readers. The ending of "An Occurence at Owl Creek Bridge" can prompt the question, "What just happened?" Present becomes the past, gets lost in a sort of dream world and then comes back to the present sense again. Bierce's infamous character Peyton Farquhar is known to raise eyebrows just by the mention of his name. Farquhar's grizzly end was due to a clever disguise by a Federal Scout, but exactly how clever was it....   [tags: Ann Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge Ambose Bierce R]

Term Papers
1313 words (3.8 pages)