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Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A

- Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A The Hypothetico-Deductive model is considered by some to be the hallmark of scientific research methods. The model is predicated on obtaining information in an effort to confirm or reject the hypothesis developed. This methodology requires the researcher to ask questions, hone in on the issue through preliminary research, formulate hypothesis and measurements, test, draw conclusions, refine and report. In order for the model to be effective the question being addressed by the researcher must be testable....   [tags: Scientific Research Methods, Charles Darwin]

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Deductive Databases

- \subsection{Deductive Databases} In the field of deductive databases there has been extensive research on the optimization of queries for Datalog (and its variants). The major interest has been the optimization of recursive queries. Ceri et al~\cite{ceri-gottlob-tanca-1989} provide an excellent summary of the field. The evaluation or comparison of optimization strategies is typified by Bancilhon and Ramakrishnan~\cite{br1986,br1988} who develop analytical cost models for the optimization strategies when applied to four queries (related to the parent and ancestor relations) and then generate numerical data from the analytical models using synthetic data driven by three shapes -- tree, invert...   [tags: Information Technology]

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Introduction to Solve Math Problems Deductive Reasoning

- Introduction to solve math problems deductive reasoning Deductive reasoning is one of the two essential forms of suitable reasoning. The reasoning constructs or evaluates deductive reasoning. While deductive reasoning argues from the general to exacting , similarly inductive reasoning argues from the specific to a general instance. Deductive arguments may be valid or invalid,and sound or unsound, but that are not true or false. Whenever we turn up for the conclusion using facts, definitions, rule, or properties, then it is so called Deductive Reasoning....   [tags: Math]

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The Deductive Problem of Evil

- The Deductive Problem of Evil      One of the major philosophical debates concerning God's existence involves the problem of evil.  The problem has two basic formulations, one is deductive, the other inductive.  The deductive form of the problem asks the following:  Is the existence of evil logically compatible with a necessarily benevolent and necessarily omnipotent being?  One of the philosophers who discusses the problem is Richard Gale.  I will begin this essay by outlining the deductive problem of evil according to Gale.  I will then try to refute the deductive argument and prove that the existence of evil is indeed logically compatible with a benevolent and omnipotent being.  A conc...   [tags: Philosophy essays]

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The Theories Of Inductive, Deductive And Less Used Reproductive And Abductive

- There are four different research strategies are inductive, deductive and less used reproductive and abductive. ‘The aim of the inductive approach is ‘to establish universal generalizations to be used as pattern explanations’ whereas the deductive would ‘test theories, to eliminate false ones’. The latter would construct and ‘deduce the hypotheses’ rather than ‘produce generalization’ (Blaikie, 2007)- appendix for Table. The argument was that the theory which Atkinson developed as the “core-periphery model”....   [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research]

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Probabilist - Deductive Inference in Gassendi's Logic

- ‘Probabilist’ Deductive Inference in Gassendi's Logic* ABSTRACT: In his Logic, Pierre Gassendi proposes that our inductive inferences lack the information we would need to be certain of the claims that they suggest. Not even deductivist inference can insure certainty about empirical claims because the experientially attained premises with which we adduce support for such claims are no greater than probable. While something is surely amiss in calling deductivist inference "probabilistic," it seems Gassendi has hit upon a now-familiar, sensible point—namely, the use of deductive reasoning in empirical contexts, while providing certain formal guarantees, does not insulate empirical arguments...   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]

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Human Understanding: What is Inductive Reasoning?

- Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Part I: What is Induction. The term inductive reasoning refers to reasoning that takes specific information and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable, allowing for the fact that the conclusion may not be accurate. An example of inductive reasoning is: All observed children like to play with Legos. All children, therefore, enjoy playing with Legos. Relying on inductive reasoning throughout everyday life is just a part of human nature. If someone were to take into consideration every plausible outcome of a given situation, they would never get anything done or been stricken with worry....   [tags: inductive and deductive reference]

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Don't Judge a Book by It's Cover or The Importance of Beauty

- Since the time we were children, we were told not to “judge a book by its cover.”however , there are some instance where this is not taking in consider . The book Bridging the Gap, has an article called, “The Important Of Being Beautiful”, Sidney katz stated that studies show that attractive people have advantages in life that unattractive people do not have. attractive people tend to earn higher salaries and/or more successful. people deemed to be less attractive and / or unattractive tend to earn less than average salaries....   [tags: attractiveness, deductive argument, evaluation]

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Field Observation: Observing St. Paul

- The method that was used in this research was field observation. Field observation is when you conduct a research observing what people do and what they say. When you conduct other researches, you focus on theories, but when you conduct field observation, you focus more on the communalities that your subject lives in, schools they attend, and the neighborhoods they live in. In conducting a field observation, there are two techniques inductive and deductive techniques. Inductive techniques are when observers don’t focus on a theory but creates a theory after doing the research....   [tags: inductive, deductive, research]

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The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

- The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God, although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct, deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's existence....   [tags: Papers]

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Reasoning Research Paper

- Tables of Content Inductive Reasoning ……………………………...………………………………...……….…….3 Deductive Reasoning …………….....…………………………………………………………….3 Critical Thinking.……………….………...…………………………………………………..…...4 Role of Inductive Reasoning………………………………………………………………………5 Role of Deductive Reasoning……………………………………………………………………..5 Roles of Critical Thinking ………………..………………………………………………………6 References…………………………………………………………………………………………8 Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning is logical reasoning where people have a lot of the information and use that to reach a conclusion....   [tags: education, deductive, inductive]

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The Paradigm Shift Caused by Francis Bacon

- The time period surrounding the 17th century was the beginning of an era of great scientific advancement in Europe that was known as the Scientific Revolution. It was during this phase that the use of reason and new advances in science resulted in paradigm shifts. Paradigm shifts are shifts in basic assumptions (paradigms) resulting from the discovery of new information that is no longer compatible with existing paradigms, forcing people to shift their mind frame to adapt to the new assumption ("Thomas S....   [tags: going from deductive to inductive reasoning]

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Is Human Reasoning Rational?

- Is human reasoning rational. Draw on theories of deductive reasoning and your own experience with Sudoku puzzles. Reasoning can be defined as the problems that differ from other kinds of problems in that they often owe their origins to formal systems of logic (Eysenck and Keane (2005). Deductive reasoning is a type of reasoning that leads to conclusions that are definitely true given that statements the conclusion is based on are true. Rationality is the quality or state of being reasonable, based on facts or reason....   [tags: Logic, Reasoning, Deductive reasoning, Inference]

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Review on What Aspects of Vocabulary Knowledge Do Textbooks Give Attention To

- Introduction This paper is devoted to the discussions about three main areas of the selected article-- What aspects of vocabulary knowledge do textbooks give attention to. In first place, an examination of the possible philosophical assumption, which seems existing ontologically and epistemologically behind the research approach. Greener(2011) suggests knowing of some widely debated philosophical ideas would give researchers more chances accomplishing good researches. Because such knowledge could throw a light in the way scholars choose and organise certain methods....   [tags: Education Methods, Deductive Research]

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Argument Classification

- An inference is a way to yield a conclusion from statements that are presumed to be true—called premises. The conclusion includes new knowledge that the premises did not make explicit. For example, we could have two statements which are presumed to be true. 1.) “Steve is in choir.” 2.) “Everyone in choir sings.” From these two statements, we can infer a conclusion of 3.) “Steve sings.” We were able to reasonably put forth a new piece of information from two previously established pieces of information....   [tags: Logic]

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Teaching Conditional Sentences through C-R Tasks

- A. Introduction Conditional sentences are dedicated to expressing a possible situation and its consequences. Teaching of conditional sentences is a difficult point in secondary school English education. In mainland China, students begin the learning of the first and zero type of conditional sentences in the eighth grade, and learn the rest of second and third type of condition sentences in the eleventh grade. The long learning period of conditional sentence can reflect the great importance and difficulty of teaching this grammar....   [tags: education, grammar, teaching method]

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Thomas Aquinas ' Uncaused Cause Argument

- Thomas Aquinas’ “Uncaused Cause” argument starts with a premise stating the world has events which cause other events to happen. Because of this series of causes, nothing can exist before itself or else the chain of causes would go in a circle. For example, “if a tree caused a seed which caused an apple which caused event x to cause event y which eventually causes the seed to cause the apple, ultimately the apple would have caused itself to exist since it existed before it existed” (“Uncaused Cause” Atkins, Philip)....   [tags: Logic, Argument, A priori and a posteriori]

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Analysisng Consumer Motivations to Shop for Luxury Products Online

- 1.0 Introduction In this chapter, the writer will demonstrate the methodology used in analysing consumer motivations to shop for luxury products online. Methodology plays an important role in the academic researches as it concerned with what method need to be used to carry out the study. Collins and Hussey (2003) stated that the use of methodology is the most important part of a research (Collins and Hussey, 2003). The structure of this chapter will display from research philosophy to the data collection methods and discuss the most appropriate methods that will be used in this research....   [tags: methodology, research, methods]

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David Hume 's Principles Of Uniformity Of Nature

- Scottish philosopher David Hume is amongst one of the most influential empirical philosophers to date for his work in epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of religion. As an Empiricist Hume claimed that the only way we can obtain knowledge is through our senses however he argues true knowledge is unattainable for all intent and purpose, due to the problem of induction.By briefly examining Hume 's problem of induction and it 's dependancy to of the so called principles of Uniformity of Nature we could come to a conclusion that Hume 's is correct....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Scientific method]

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The Allegory of The Cave, by Plato

- Plato’s logical strategy in the allegory of the cave is of deductive reasoning. Plato uses a cave containing people bound by chains which constrict their neck and legs in such a way that they are unable to turn around and there is a fire roaring behind them casting shadows on the wall. Since the prisoners cannot turn their heads to see what is casting the shadow the only thing they can perceive are the shadows and the sounds that seem to becoming from them. This is what Plato argues in the allegory of the cave “To them, I said, the truth would literally be nothing but the shadows of the images.”(The Allegory of the Cave Plato)....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Rhetoric]

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Why Is A Calendar Needed By An Organized Society?

- 2. Why is a calendar needed by an organized society. A calendar is merely a way to tell time. Generally speaking, we on planet earth use it to describe our orbit around the sun. Most Americans use the Gregorian calendar which consists of 12 months with close to 30 days (some more, some less, some equal), which requires an extra day to be added once every four years. Another calendar, the Hebrew calendar uses lunar months but based on a solar year. This too requires adjustments every so often to keep with the solar year....   [tags: Hexadecimal, Binary numeral system]

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The Differences between Logical, Ethical and Dialectical Reasoning

- ... In other words, if the original statement is true then necessarily the conclusion should be true as well. It does not provide any new information just a rearrangement of previous information just like deductive reasoning. Informal reasoning “possesses all the elements of formal reasoning, like the deduction part, however it also includes probabilities and truths about premises and conclusion .”It is very similar to abductive reasoning because the truth may seem obvious based of the likelihood of the situation....   [tags: philosophical analysis]

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Richard Dawkin's Essay on Darwin's Wasp

- In Richard Dawkins’s essay about Darwin’s wasp, he makes an argument that nature’s role is to ensure DNA survival. The inductive argument begins by observing the behavior of the wasp. As Dawkins observes, the wasp inserts its stinger into the central nervous system of the caterpillar and paralyzes it. Then the wasp implants larva. The larvae eat the caterpillar alive. This may seem cruel to the human mind if we apply the concept of suffering to this process, but ultimately, this is nature at work....   [tags: Aquinas, Utility Function]

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The Differences Between Induction And Deduction

- In this we essay will briefly look at the differences between induction and deduction. We will then examine Hume’s problem of induction and popular approaches to solving the problem. Finally we will consider whether Hume’s problem warrants our concern, does scientific advancement require induction to proceed or does it proceed deductively. A deductive argument is ‘truth tropic’-it leads us to true conclusions. Deductive arguments are ones where the premises entail the conclusion; as a result, it is logically impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion to be false....   [tags: Scientific method, Inductive reasoning, Logic]

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Argument Vs. Argument : Argument

- At the heart of philosophy is philosophical argument. Arguments are different from assertions. Assertions are simply stated; arguments always involve giving reasons. An argument is a reasoned inference from one set of claims – the premises – to another claim – the conclusion. The premises provide reasons to believe that the conclusion is true. If the premises are true, the conclusion is more likely to be true. Arguments seek to ‘preserve truth’ – true premises will lead to a true conclusion. It is worth knowing a little bit more about arguments straightaway....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Argument]

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On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean

- On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean ABSTRACT: Given the great historical distance between scientific explanation as Aristotle and Hempel saw it, I examine and appraise important similarities and differences between the two approaches, especially the inclination to take deduction itself as the very model of scientific knowledge. I argue that we have good reasons to reject this inclination. In his recent studies showing Galileo's knowledge of and adherence to the deductive standards of explanation in science set forth by Aristotle, Wallace (1) remarks that this Aristotelean theory must not be confused with the contemporary deductive-nomological theory of Hempel and Oppenheim....   [tags: History Science Scientific Papers]

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A Comparison of Sir Frances Bacon’s Induction and Euclid's Deduction

- In this essay, I will compare Sir Frances Bacon’s method of inductive reasoning to its counterpart, deductive reasoning presented by Euclid. Induction is the process of getting the empirical truth which involves the four sources of knowledge; memory, sense perception, introspection, & reason. Induction starts from sense in primary objects. Deduction, on the other hand which is truth based upon rational thought, allows us to use a hypothesis, and examine all possibilities until a logical conclusion can be formed so those things which are true can be classed....   [tags: method of inductive reasoning]

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Critical Analysis And Evaluation Of An Issue

- Critical thinking is the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgement. It has the quality to skillfully analyze, assess, and reconstruct. It is a “self” way of thinking because of the formations of opinions backed by facts and knowledge. Everything stems from critical thinking because it is something that is done every second. Levels of Inquiry is a part of the two types of reasoning, more specifically deductive reasoning. It is also how we go about performing critical thinking....   [tags: Critical thinking, Logic, Reasoning]

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Evaluation Of A Case For An Organization Or Policy

- There are different strategies to be used when doing research. A case study analysis is one strategy. With a case study the research looks at one case for example an organization or policy. The issue is making sure that the case study does not become a longitudinal strategy or cross-sectional one. Longitudinal strategy is when the same sample is used at different points in time. This data may be collected using questionnaires and asking the same questions to the same people but at different points in time to find reasoning....   [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research, Sampling]

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Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions

- Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions There is a lot of empirical evidence supporting the proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’. For example on many, many occasions we have observed metals expanding when heated. Because of this large amount of evidence we take the proposition to be true (or highly likely to be true). The proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’ is caled a universal proposition. A universal proposition mentions al things of a certain kind. The proposition '‘Al metals expand when heated’ is about al metals, not just some of them; it is about al pieces of metal, not just some pieces....   [tags: Ampliative Logic]

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Compare and Contrast Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodologies

- ... (Dimiter 2003) This is a useful way of ensuring that an experiment has a strong level of internal validity. The pre-test post-test allows a number of distinct analyses, giving researchers the tools to filter out experimental confounding variables. The internal validity of this design is strong, because the pre-test ensures that the groups are equivalent. The various analyses that can be performed upon a two-group control group pre-test post-test designs are . The main problem with this design is that it improves internal validity but sacrifices external validity to do so....   [tags: experimental design]

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Teaching Science In The Twenty-First Century

- Botanist, zoo director, orthodontist, and park ranger. These are only four of the many, many jobs that need their employees to have a good background in the sciences. It is very important that children begin to be taught about science when they are introduced to the other fundamental subjects. If a child has a good understanding of science and scientific thinking, they can use these processes in everyday life. Science is also important for kids to know because it can open their eyes to an abundance of occupations....   [tags: Science]

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Science Is The Only True Reality

- Scientific Realism is the view that the world that science identifies is the only true reality. This is entirely independent of what we may view as real. For instance, a divine deity in America is God. To some here, he is Yahweh. To others, he is a she named Venus, Lilith, the Sacred Feminine, etc. In other parts of the world, this creator being is Allah. In others he is Jehovah, Krishna, Ra, etc. This is not only true regionally, but chronologically as well. However, in America 2+2=4, in India 2+2=4, and on the moon 2+2=4....   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Quantum mechanics]

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Critical Thinking The Equation Of Life

- Critical Thinking-The Equation of Life Abstract: Critical thinkers are active in their process of the mind. Many times people use critical thinking and do not realize we are even doing so. Critical thinking/logic has had a long history in math. This critical and systemic process is used for problem solving, evaluation, analysis, and synthesis. In this paper I will discuss the history of critical thinking and how we use critical thinking in the form of mathematical applications. Critical Thinking-The Equation of Life Critical thinking is a vital element in arithmetic....   [tags: Critical thinking, Logic, Problem solving]

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Analysis Of Kraus, Sears, & Burke

- The article by Kraus, Sears, & Burke (2013) describe a model to facilitate critical thinking by incorporating nine modules in a regular college course. The article also summarizes the results of the preliminary study supporting the effectiveness of the module in facilitating critical thinking. This model to facilitate critical thinking is based on Bernstein’s (2007) steps for critical facilitating thinking: thinking about the claim; evaluating evidence, considering alternative interpretations of the evidence, and drawing conclusions....   [tags: Critical thinking, Reasoning, Logic, Paranormal]

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Intellectual Ability in the Workplace

- Intellectual is associated to our mind which we use our mind creatively and able find solutions to solve the problem through reason and thinking. Ability is an individual capacity, talent or skills that he or she enables to perform a job successfully when under take a certain responsibility. According to Gabriel (n.d.), intellectual ability means the skills required to perform mental tasks and apply to both academic and work settings. So that, intellectual ability play an important role in workplace....   [tags: Number Aptitude, Inductive Reasoning]

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Human Resources Management Practices

- The fierce marketing competition drives company to seek new resources to improve their core competences and adapt to changing of the internal and external environment of organisation. A growing number of HR professors argued that strategic human resource management can be regarded as a source of sustained advantage for competition (Zupan and Ograjenšek, 2008). But there are lots of limitations exist in previous literatures, which do not answer questions like which strategic human resource management practice is best fit to enhance performance of organisation or is there any most effective SHRM model....   [tags: research, design, method, approach]

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Use of Logic in Monty Python and the holy grail

- Monty Python and the Holy Grail Logic affects our lives everyday. We use it both subconsciously and consciously to make decisions which can be as important as our careers, or as insignificant as what to eat for lunch. Logic can also be used in other ways. Ironically, others’ bad logic can result in us learning something just as much as we learn from our own bad decisions. This is shown in Monty Python’s Quest for the Holy Grail. One example of this ironic use of logic is with the trial of the witch....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Abstract Geometry

- Abstract Geometry The ancient Egyptians and Babylonians discovered abstract Geometry. They developed these ideas that were used to build pyramids and help with reestablishing land boundaries. While, the Babylonians used abstract geometry for measuring, construction buildings, and surveying. Abstract geometry uses postulates, rules, definitions and propositions before and up to the time of the Euclid. Abstract geometry is deductive reasoning and axiomatic organization. Deductive reasoning deals with statements that have already been accepted....   [tags: Free Essays]

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Genetically Modified Organisms : An Efficient Form Of Feeding The World 's Population

- The Differentiation of Genetically Modified Organisms through the Disciplines The advancements in genetically modified organisms have challenged earth’s current population to consider the importance of, not only providing food for a growing population, but to denote all of the potential risks and effects of genetically modified organisms. Ultimately, the growth in biotechnology defines the necessity for an efficient form of feeding the world’s population, and the inevitable economical and biological impacts that come with introducing new technology....   [tags: Genetically modified food]

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The Common View of Science which was Presented by Alan Chalmers

- This essay aims to discuss the problems of the common view of science which was presented by Alan Chalmers by Popperian's view and my personal opinions. Chalmers gives his opinion about what science is and the judgment will be made in this essay through the Popperian hypothetico-deductive and my arguments will be presented in this essay. Popperian is an important philosopher of science who developed hypothetico-deductive method, which is also known as falsificationism. In my opinion, I disagree Chlamer points of view of science and this will be present in essay later....   [tags: science knowledge, principles, opinion]

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Using Diversity and Science to Effectively Educate Students

- Diversity is when individuals differ in race, ethnicity, gender, class, language, religion, ability, geography, and/or age. Teachers will be required to teach in diverse classrooms with a variety of inclusion students, gender, and cultures. Each and every person learns differently and at different rates. According to Culyer and Ebert (2008), “There is no age which all people are on the same intellectual level either at a starting point or as a level of attainment. Thus, you can expect that all students in your classroom will represent a range of intellectual ability” (p.84)....   [tags: Education, teachers, teaching]

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The 's Last Theorem, By Michael Hutchings

- Fermat’s Last Theorem--which states that an + bn = cn is untrue for any circumstance in which a, b, c are not three positive integers and n is an integer greater than two—has long resided with the collection of other seemingly impossible proofs. Such a characterization seems distant and ill-informed, seeing as today’s smartphones and gadgets have far surpassed the computing capabilities of even the most powerful computers some decades ago. This renaissance of technology has not, however, eased this process by any means....   [tags: Mathematics, Logic, Theorem, Scientific method]

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My Life, My Fantasy, My Philosophy

- My Life, My Fantasy, My Philosophy - Descartes' Fourth Meditation, Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, Sir Francis Bacon's The Four Idols, and Walt Disney Every day is a process of discovery, and I have stumbled upon one about myself: I am a hypocrite; I live in a world of hypocrites, and here, on this earth, lies not one soul who can live happily otherwise. We have developed a defense mechanism against all that is unknown in this world and acquired a false sense of security of having control and actually knowing how it is that this world works....   [tags: Philosophy]

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Differences Between Science And Pseudo Science

- It is important to distinguish forms of reasoning in science in order to distinguish between science and pseudo-science. This essay will explore the concept of the scientific method and how it utilises inductive reasoning, followed by an exploration of Karl Popper’s argument that when scientists explore their ideas through inductive reasoning, they make it impossible for science to hold any more credibility than pseudo-science. This will then be followed a dismantling of Popper’s argument and deductive reasoning proposal on the basis that inductive reasoning is justified, falsifiable, and allows for scientific progress....   [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Science]

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Rhetorical Strategies : A Persuasive Message

- A persuasive message tries to convince the audience to agree to the speaker’s position. For instance, the goal of persuasion is to lead. On account of this, persuasion is just a logical and well supported arguments; an argument is the enounce of the orator’s position with the aid of the rhetorical strategies (logos, ethos and pathos).But the question is how to be a successful persuasive speaker. The response is easy, convince the audience or change their behaviour without using any strategy that violate any of the ethical principles....   [tags: Logic, Rhetoric, Inductive reasoning, Argument]

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Understanding The Quality Of Life

- Have you ever imagined what would you like when you become 55 or older. Would you confirm to society’s expectations or would you form your own “quality of life” expectations. As the body matures and grow, there are some unique characteristics that comes with growing older. There is a meaning of old age transcending the life of an individual as the universally accepted human quality in respect to transcendence search and perspective of the meaning that define what comprises a human being (Moody & Sasser, 2014)....   [tags: Old age, Middle age, Logic, Gerontology]

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Lesson Planning Through Observation of an English Language Class

- Lesson planning is an important component of teaching English language because a good teacher must make a lesson plan in order to achieve the objectives of a lesson. This term, I had a chance to observe grade 6 students.The classroom was composed of 31 students. All of them were native speakers of Turkish and their English proficiency level is elementary. In the lesson which I attended, the teacher taught simple present tense. So,the main objective of this lesson was to make the students use the simple present tense....   [tags: Grammar, Turkey, Activities]

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Max Black and Humean Skepticism

- Max Black and Humean Skepticism In this essay I will argue that the Humean problem of induction is only truly problematic when a strange, impossible definition is given to the term “reasonable”. I will begin by explaining what it is I understand Hume’s induction problem to be, and to try to flesh out the issues relevant to my case. I will then examine Max Black’s proposed solution to the problem, and show in what ways this solution is useful and why it is ultimately unconvincing. In this latter context I will invoke the work of Wesley Salmon, and then try to solve the problem that Salmon poses....   [tags: Max Black Hume Essays]

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René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God

- René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God The problem with René Descartes' argument about the existence of God has to do with his rationalist deductive reasoning. Descartes deduces that truth about the existence of God lies within his idea of a perfect God and God's essence (as a perfect being who must exist in order to be perfect). A rationalist philosopher, Descartes discounts human knowledge as a product of our sensory data (our senses) but supports the epistemological stance that our knowledge is obtained through the reasoning processes of our own minds....   [tags: Philosophy God Existence Religion Essays]

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Problem of Induction

- In the selection, ‘Skeptical doubts concerning the operations of the understanding’, David Hume poses a problem for knowledge about the world. This question is related to the problem of induction. David Hume was one of the first who decided to analyze this problem. He starts the selection by providing his form of dividing the human knowledge, and later discusses reasoning and its dependence on experience. Hume states that people believe that the future will resemble the past, but we have no evidence to support this belief....   [tags: Philosophy / Logic]

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Research and Design

- ……….RESEARCH DESIGN As it has been already indicated, this study has examined each of our six research questions via the interviews of colleagues in the health field and through my experiences with my clients. The Research Method Our research method is concerned with inferential procedures. That is to say, information that we obtained can be used to make inference about a much larger set of measurements called population (OTT 1988). Three health practitioners with a minimum of ten years of experience formed our sample....   [tags: Research Analysis ]

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Teaching Passive Voice

- A. Introduction As guides, teachers play a significant role in imparting grammar knowledge to students. They use their existing knowledge to enhance students’ learning ability during the process of their teaching. As regard to which method should teachers adopt, many researchers hold different views. In this article, the author mainly discusses the strategies in teaching passive voice by evaluating Miss Wong’s pedagogical approach. In the second part, the author will write a proposal to suggest an alternative teaching method regarding passive voice....   [tags: education, language, grammar, student]

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What´s Academic Writing?

- Academic writing is a critical part of your success as a college student, many professors require the kind of components that are included within academic writing. A rhetorical situation can be the sole factor that determines the key components within any piece of writing. It is also a way to show differences in pieces in academic writing, A rhetorical situation requires many elements this includes a properly composed thesis, ample research sources, carefully crafted citations and thorough checks for plagiarism through application, summarization and paraphrasing....   [tags: thesis statement, college career]

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An Evaluation of Workers’ and Students’ Performance: Effects of Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on Performance Appraisals

- Throughout life, people inevitably are evaluated based on their different positions, duties, and situations. As a student studying at school, school performance directly affects the level of academic achievement, while job performance strongly influences the livelihood and financial income of a hired employee. Every person in society is closely subjected to performance appraisal, which is the measurement of performance among individuals. In order to measure peoples’ performance, there are many different kinds of performance appraisals that evaluate how well people are doing with their tasks, and their performance can be rated by everyone including the workers themselves....   [tags: Competence, Work Ethic]

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The Best Way to Learn Semantic Chinese Radicals For Adult Second Language Learners

- The children and adults learn the languages differently. Children learn implicitly or automatically acquire complex grammatical structures of their first language based on experience, but adults already need more additional resources of the rules (explicit) learning (Ellis, 2005). However, the teaching Chinese semantic radicals might be taught implicitly or explicitly. Nearly every person experienced the second language learning. The great amount of research in second language acquisition was done after World War II....   [tags: education, international culture]

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The Effect of Rene Descartes and David Hume on the Philosophical World

- Rene Descartes and David Hume both have had a profound effect on the philosophical world. Both these philosophers are associated explicitly with two separate schools of philosophy which are Rationalism and Empiricism. It is this division between Rationalism and Empiricism that allows for Descartes and Hume to present differing accounts of the mind and mentality. Descartes is widely recognized as the father of modern philosophy, he is a rationalist, who considers knowledge of the metaphysical as existing separate from physical reality believing that truth cannot be acquired through the senses but through the intellect in the form of deductive reasoning....   [tags: rationalism, empirism]

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Compare and Contrast the Characteristics of External, Internal, and Construct Validity

- Compare and Contrast the Characteristics of External, Internal, and Construct Validity Validity is an important aspect of the research design. For instance, in research the uses statistics as the primary form of measurement. Validity applies to the truth of a standard. A measure is valid, in general, when it (Renata, 2011, 1) includes what it devised to measure. Renata (2011) explained, "Internal and external validity are the two primary types of validity" (para. 1). However, both display diverse aspects of a study’s design and results....   [tags: aspects of research design]

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Discuss the Perception that Financial Accounting Appears to be Transforming

- This essay is going to discuss the perception that financial accounting appears to be transforming. It demonstrates that why the financial accounting theories appears and the difference between descriptive and prescriptive methods of research; the reason why researches might shift from one method to another and how the accounting theories influence by some famous researchers contribution such as Paton, Littleton and Chambers. Accounting is a human activity; therefore accounting theories should consider people’s behavior with respect to accounting information....   [tags: Finance ]

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F/CFAT : An Approach for Combined Safety and Security Analysis

- I. INTRODUCTION System safety is a complex concept, which is represented by multiple attributes and which requires diverse sources of evidence to demonstrate its achievement. Safety-critical systems, which provide safety-critical services to their users, must be designed to be safe. This means that despite their complexities and despite variable environmental conditions, their operation should be demonstrably safety. A fundamental difficulty in measuring system safety arises due to the complexity of the notion – it is made up of multiple, potentially conflicting attributes, and difficult trade-offs may need to be made between these attributes....   [tags: Information Technology]

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Overlapping Methods or Developing a New Approach? Understanding Methodological Commonalities

- Grounded Theory (GT) and Content Analysis (CA) are widely known methodologies applied within multiple scientific communities, sharing a close background with social sciences. Each of these approaches has been developed and tested throughout distinct historical pathways, both shaped by different aims, results and theoretical constructions. Whereas GT belongs to what could be described as “inductive science”, CA is tagged under the motto of “deductive sciences”, assuming essentially different epistemological positions (Bernard & Ryan, 2009)....   [tags: content analysis,grounded theory,data exploration]

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Research Regarding Climate Change and Agriculture Management in Nepal

- 3 Research propose The purpose of research is to explore, how climate change had been changed the management of agriculture in Nepal. 3.2 Objectives a) To examine the management of agriculture helps to minimize the effects of climate change on agricultural products. b) To assess the relation between climate change and agricultural productivity. c) To find out the response of villagers against changes. d) To explore any adaptation strategies practiced by farmer. 4. Study Area The research is mainly focused in two Village Development Committee (Khokana and Bungamati) located at southwest of Lalitpur District of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal (tripadvisor, 2014)....   [tags: Farming, Villagers]

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Science Revolution: Separating Modern Science With Theological Speculations

- During the 17th century, European philosophy and religion was challenged with the introduction of the scientific revolution. Through the three factors that incorporate science: a body of knowledge, a system of inquiry, and thinkers to support their findings (494); old and new worldviews were being questioned. While some thinkers of the era were not intentionally trying to separate religion and science, their ideas created controversy, which in some areas slowed down the growth of scientific experimentation and knowledge....   [tags: scientific experimentation, planets, sun]

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Aristotle 's Anthropic Hylomorphism And His Logical Hylomorphism

- Aristotle 's Anthropic Hylomorphism and his logical Hylomorphism: Presented by Aristotle, Hylomorphism is a philosophical theory which examines the substance into matter and form. Generally, Hylomorphism is the philosophical theory mainly developed by Aristotle which is a form of reification which analyzes the substance onto matter and form. Before explaining the relation between Anthropic Hylomorphism and his logical Hylomorphism it is important first to define the term. The term of Hylomorphism has been extensively used with the technical terminology in the work of Aristotle....   [tags: Logic, Truth, Reality, Argument]

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Platonic And Aristotelian Epistemology : Comparison And Contrast

- Platonic and Aristotelian Epistemology: Comparison and Contrast As teacher and student, both Plato and Aristotle believed that knowledge is possible and therefore attainable. They agreed that the mind connects the soul and the body, containing within it the key to understanding what it means to exist in this world and how our existences are interrelated. In other words, what is a man and what does it mean to know. For Plato, knowledge must consist of what is genuinely real and not appearance only; it must be acquired through thoughts and ideas....   [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Logic, Epistemology]

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Causes of Temporary Labor Migration from Fiji

- Fiji is an island nation in Melanesia, in the South Pacific Ocean. The estimated population of the country is about 849,000, with a total area of about 7,056 square miles. Labor migration is one of the key forces of socioeconomic development. Migration of skilled people with high levels of human capital leads to a shortage of skilled labor in the home country as well as provides an opportunity to the unemployed youths to be engaged in the labor market hence it helps in the economic growth and development of many developing countries such as Fiji....   [tags: melanesia, fiji migrants, fiji economy]

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Comparing Descartes and Peirce's Opinions On Knowledge

- ... Charles Peirce believed “only through the way of linguistic, logical and pragmatic signs considered as tools and objects can humans know about the natural world.” (Kremer) Whereas Descartes wants us to doubt, Peirce believed doubt was a cause of irritation arising from indecisiveness in matters of action. Peirce stated, “The function of thought was to produce belief, after it had been excited by doubt” and the effect of thought, which is belief, involves a habit which in turn is a “rule of action” so that belief becomes a “habit of action.” Instead of creating a new method, the way Descartes did, Peirce applied the scientific method....   [tags: doubting, truth, beliefs]

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I Am Interested For Pursuing A Career

- When I was a child most of school was always based on what you wanted to be. Constantly I was being asked what I wanted to become, I had always answered with a careless answer that every adult expected. I honestly had no idea what I wanted to be when I grew up. Soon as I moved through middle school and now going through high school I became interested in the medical field. With my passion for animals and always wanting to help them, I soon realized what I wanted to specialize in. I am interested in pursuing a career in veterinary the reason I would like to make my plan concur because I want to improve animal 's health, perform operations to cure them and possibly help them stay healthier fo...   [tags: Veterinary medicine, Veterinarian]

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The Common Law And Criminal Justice System

- The criminal justice system, prisons being part of it has made a huge impact on those be convicted for the use or possession of drugs. However, with the help of resources and influence there are ways to get off or have a less of a sentence by money and power. Though if money and power isn’t an option for them art is a way to provide prisoners rehabilitation and healing who have been involved by the criminalization of drugs. The Common Law, Criminal Justice System is one of three types of legal systems....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Law, Crime]

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Hume 's Metaphysical Reasoning Of All Kinds

- Hume believes that metaphysical reasoning of all kinds has failed to provide an accurate representation of the natural world. In A Treatise on Human Nature, he concludes that the only unyielding foundation one can give to science must be rested upon experience and observation. Logically, this empirical inquiry should provide knowledge on matters of fact, general conclusions that arise from particular experiences; however, as a radical epistemic skeptic, Hume concurrently argues that reason cannot provide any knowledge of the external world....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Empiricism, Logic]

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Research Article Analysis: Juveniles in Prison

- Research Article Analysis This research analysis is meant to measure the effects of this particular program against the goals it set out to accomplish as a means of contributing to subsequent decision making about the program and improving future programming. This applied research study is an evaluation research project of social science that is intended to supply scientifically valid information with which to guide public policy. The goals of this evaluation research are to provide feedback to policy makers in concrete and measurable terms....   [tags: jain, research paper, criminology]

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Teaching Conditional Sentences to Chinese Students

- Part A 1. Introduction Teaching English If-conditional sentences to Chinese students is always a challenge for English teachers. English teachers are still continuously seeking for an effective method to make the language point more understandable for students. The probability approach put forward by Mei Wu (2012) provides a clear classification of conditional sentences. Based on her theory, conditional sentences can be mainly divided into four types. In terms of probability, type 1 is the factual conditionals (zero condition) which mean the event is definitely happen to meet the condition stated in the if-clause....   [tags: education, grammar, language learning]

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The Impact of a Changing Climate

- The main purpose of this research is exploring the impacts of climate change on agriculture trends and socioeconomic life of Nepalese farmers. In addition, it helps to identify key elements that support to develop alternative cultivation methods in changing environment. Furthermore, farmers will be understood to adopt distinct agricultural techniques and management process to utilize local resources that lessen the effect of climate change in agriculture. 3.1 Topic Impacts of climate change on agriculture in Nepal....   [tags: VDC, CAQDAS, Nepal]

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1463 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

High on Health Group Work Assignment

- ... We focused on creating a general guide and rules that we must each follow. We did this, so there would be no conflict and if there were there would be a solution. We wanted to have a simpler group, and one that doesn’t involve arguments and grudges, for when someone holds grudges; it is hard to work together. As a guide, we have two an objective with a mission statement, and a handout with rules on good teamwork skills. We all adhered and understood because we wrote the rules together, so if anyone disagreed we would have spoken about it before hand....   [tags: forming, storming, norming, performing]

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Teaching Conditionals to Second Language Learners

- Part A: Introduction Conditionals are sentences describing implications or hypothetical situations and their results. Two clauses make up a conditional: the condition clause and the consequent clause, which are dependent on each other (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009). Basically conditionals can be divided into four canonical tense patterns based on tense (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009), including zero conditionals, first conditionals, second conditionals and third conditionals. Zero conditionals are used in describing facts or rules....   [tags: conditionals, teaching, effectiveness, design]

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1876 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Theories Of Theories Within Nursing Practice

- Theories are used in nursing practice for various reasons to describe, explain, predict and prescribe. Grand theories (or conceptual models), provide a framework model for clinical practice, education, administration, methodology, and discipline inquiry, however, they cannot be applied directly to practice. As an alternative, middle-range theories are the ones that are applied directly into nursing practice and they must be consistent with the adopted conceptual model. Betty Neuman System Model (NSM), a grand theory, provides a comprehensive guide to nursing research, practice, education and administration....   [tags: Nursing, Nursing theory, Public health]

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The Connection Between Theory And Data

- Esterberg’s discussion of the connection between theory and data says that in order to carry out qualitative research you need to use inductive reason. Deductive reasoning is the opposite approach inductive reasoning which correlates with quantitative research. When looking at deductive research you begin with creating a theory that you want to test by creating a hypothesis and picking a sample to study. Looking at inductive reasoning you begin with analyzing the world around you and strategize different characteristics to form a theory....   [tags: Scientific method, Research, Inductive reasoning]

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Skilled but Classic Techniques in the Movie

- Overall, I found the visual techniques of this film to be fairly basic. Not to say that it was boring or underachieving in any way, but more of a skilled implementation of classic technique. I think that with initial visual impact of stop motion animation, coupled with an intense soundtrack, and the distinctive use of color, the addition of any really abstract visual manipulation may have pushed this film over the edge. In terms of overall visual approach, this film leans more towards the inductive, although deductive scenes are used intermittently as well....   [tags: movies, directors, ]

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Theory of Acute Pain Management

- Theory of Acute Pain Management Marion Good, PhD, RN, has focused her study, “A Middle-Range Theory of Acute pain Management: Use in Research,” on complementary medicine for pain and stress, acute pain, and stress immunity. The purpose of this theory is to put into practice guidelines for pain management. Good, 1998, noted the need for a balance between medication usage and side effects of pain medications. The theory also promoted patient education related to pain management following surgery and encouraged plan development for acceptable levels of pain management....   [tags: Health, Medicine, Morfine, Demerol]

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1261 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods

- In this paper, I will define quantitative and qualitative research methods and provide examples in the context of social issues which will hopefully provide insight into how this methods are properly applied. Social issues are very broad and diverse and are usually made up of factors or consequences which directly or indirectly affect a person or many members of a society and are considered to be problems, controversies or both and are related to moral values, therefore their immediate social environment may become vulnerable in some respect which may also effect several individuals environment and in turn society....   [tags: Qualitative Research in Education]

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