Global governance deals with world politics or foreign administration therefore compelling the performance of actors (state and non-state) in the international political system’s administration. It is an important field in the study of international relations and been defined differently but ultimately geared towards the sense of international political administration.
The World Health Organisation defines Global Governance can be defined as the different ways organisations, institutions, businesses, and governments manage their affairs, further explaining that it refers to the way in which global affairs are managed, and it involves a range of actors including states, as well as regional and international organisations (World Health Organisation [WHO] 2015).
Global Governance emerged due to interdependence and globalisation, proliferation of non-state actors (Weiss 2013, pp. 10 - 13), with the emergence also came certain views, theories or ideologies which have affected the course of world politics over time and are often conflicting for example Realism and Liberalism (the two major theories of international relations) other theories include Marxism, Constructivism, Feminism amongst other schools of thoughts in International Relations.
A theory can be regarded as a set of ideas that seek to explain how a particular phenomenon functions, works or operate thus relating it to global governance, the theories exist to create an understanding of the international political system. Unlike an ideology, a theory of international relations is (at least in principle) backed up with concrete evidence.
Realism’s main drive in international rel...
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...here and the global political sphere. In both, community and a sense of common values are preconditions for stability. Thus, Classical Realism gives us insight as to why violence has decreased dramatically since the beginning of the 20th century. Classical Realists contend that the decreased violence is the result of identity shifts through liberal democracies ' forceful integration of states into the liberal democratic "world community." In contrast to Liberalism, Classical Realism asserts that the deterring of conflict is not correlated to the material effects of economic integration. Instead, it has to do with the shared feeling of community within the liberal democratic states. Democracies and advocates of liberal economies tend to expand and sustain this community through exercising their power in the name of justice and differentiating themselves from outsiders.
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